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中国超7亿人遭受胃病,10大主因一半以上你天天做

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胃病已成为困扰中国人的常见疾病之一。

2017年11月28日,中华医学会消化疾病科开发的《中国慢性胃炎共识意见(2017年版)》显示,全国有7亿多人患有慢性胃炎。在慢性胃炎中,萎缩性胃炎有患癌症的风险。此外,世界上一半的胃癌都在中国。在中国,每年有68万新发胃癌和50万人死亡。

年轻人患胃病越来越常见了

新闻:沉阳一名26岁女孩被诊断出患有晚期胃癌。

据医生介绍,这位26岁的胃癌患者没有胃癌家族史。工作不规律和不健康的饮食是主要原因。她一日三餐,她最喜欢的是mala,酸辣粉,水煮鱼,每天都喜欢吃。长期不良的饮食习惯使她经常肚子痛,不禁吃了一些止痛药。经过几个月的治疗,她的病情没有好转,她已经去世了。

这种情况不止一个。

2017年4月,一名来自江苏扬州的27岁女子继续吃了4个月。胃经常不舒服。当她吃东西时,她呕吐并减掉了40磅。经过检查,她得了厌食症。如果不及时治疗,可能会危及生命。

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不管是什么样的胃病,它都与不健康的生活习惯,尤其是不健康的饮食习惯有着重要的联系。

这十种习惯对胃最具破坏性

1

吃得好热

2014年4月25日,广西食品药品监督管理局官方网站称,如果经常食用火锅,马拉等热食,会对口腔,食道和胃黏膜造成严重损害。如果粘膜损伤尚未修复。还患有烧伤,反复多次轻易构成浅表粘膜溃疡,引起慢性口腔黏膜炎症,口腔粘膜白斑,食道炎,萎缩性胃炎等疾病。随着时间的推移,它会诱发粘膜变化甚至癌症。

2

吃不规律,不吃早餐

不吃早餐会导致胃酸分泌。没有食物可以消化,损害食道,胃肠粘膜,甚至引起溃疡。它还使胆囊不收缩,从长远来看容易患胆结石。临床上,许多患有胆结石和胃溃疡的患者是不吃早餐的人。

3

饮用

高于20°时每小时饮酒量超过100ml的酒精饮料可能直接损害胃粘膜屏障,导致充血,水肿,糜烂,甚至出血。此外,饮酒不是真正的“甜餐”。 2018年8月,世界顶级医学杂志《柳叶刀》表示饮酒直接导致全球280万人死亡,最安全的饮酒量为0.也就是说,不喝酒对健康有益!

4

味道很重

烧烤,高盐,过辣和其他重口味的食物可以满足短暂的口腔说话欲望,但它会直接刺激胃粘膜,一旦这种饮食习惯保持很长一段时间,很可能进化为胃癌。

5

晚上吃“大餐”而不是消化睡觉

许多上班族白天忙于工作,经常在晚上结交朋友,“大吃喝”,甚至睡前一晚。经常吃夜莺,容易诱发消化道疾病。日本医学家苏天英发现,夜间胃粘膜上皮细胞更新发生,过晚餐会影响粘膜修复。

6

Drinking coffee on an empty stomach

Coffee contains caffeine and tannic acid, and when the coffee concentration is high, it will cause strong irritation to the stomach. Wu Jing, director of the Department of Gastroenterology at Beijing Shijitan Hospital, wrote on the WeChat public account Xiaodafu comics that if there is a symptom of gastric ulcer or gastroesophageal reflux, drinking coffee will aggravate the symptoms.

7

Eat and devour, don't concentrate on it

Do not eat, do not speak. Although this is an old saying, it is equally applicable now. Eating or speaking too much can cause too much gas to be swallowed and cause indigestion. Eating fast can also cause food to burn the mouth and esophageal mucosa, so it is best to eat slowly, do not talk. In addition, there are still many people who want to save time, eat while eating, while watching and eating, over time, it will also cause stomach indigestion.

8

High pressure and bad mood

Many people feel stomach discomfort when they are stressed or emotionally affected. Shi Hui, deputy director of the Department of Gastroenterology, General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, issued a report on his medical website personal website on July 28, 2017. When work pressure is high, insomnia, anxiety, nervousness, pregnancy, menopause and other factors appear, the gastrointestinal function will be Corresponding reactions, including throat foreign body sensation, heartburn, chest tightness, bloating, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, perianal pain, incontinence of defecation, etc. various symptoms and atypical, a variety of medical instruments, and Can not detect organic lesions. Medically known as functional gastrointestinal disease, also known as intestinal and brain interaction abnormalities.

9

Unhealthy diet

Do not drink raw water, do not eat raw food, but also the basic knowledge of staying away from stomach problems. Unclean food and drinking water are the main sources of Helicobacter pylori, and foods with pathogens can cause acute gastroenteritis.

10

Drug stimulation

xx胡乱吃药,一些药物刺激,也会导致胃肠问题,所以服药一定要在医生指导下用药,不要胡乱吃药。

护好胃这样做

那么怎么养好胃呢,除了避免以上这些不良习惯,我们也提供一些小方法,对于胃不好的人,可以参考。

1

一碗粥:胃不好常喝点粥

北京朝阳医院消化内科副主任医师贾凯2017年3月31日在接受健康时报刊文中指出,对于大多数胃不好的人来说,喝些粥是很养胃的,粥可以减少对胃肠道的刺激,而且不需要经过大量咀嚼与胃部蠕动就可以快速进入小肠,有助于食物消化,容易被人体吸收。而且,对于这些人,粥最好熬得烂一点,不宜有太多的粗杂粮。

但需要注意的是,有胃食管反流病的患者不适合喝粥,这类病人不建议进食过多的流食。

2

一碗茶:喝点薏米茶

河南省中医院名医堂主任中医师毛德西2016年4月29日在健康时报刊文称,薏米具有健脾渗湿、清热排毒、利水消肿等功效。

具体做法为:将薏米洗净后晾干,然后放在锅里用小火翻炒,将米粒中的水分炒干,再放在密封的容器内保存。喝的时候取出一勺,用开水冲泡即可。

3

一道汤:猪肚虾仁白果汤

xxxxXu Yanzhu, Department of Nutrition, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said in an interview with the Health Times on January 6, 2011 that the pork belly has a good effect on spleen and stomach and stop the loss. Can be combined with shrimp and ginkgo. Before stewing, the pork belly is boiled in boiling water to remove the oil. Put a piece of ginger when stewing, and then add some pepper. Although pepper is a seasoning, it has the effect of dispelling cold and relieving pain. Finally, add some shrimp and ginkgo.

Shrimp is warm, has the effect of warming, dampness, and qi. Ginkgo can raise lung and asthma, and is also warm. This soup is suitable for people with cold stomachaches.

4

One action: often abdomen

Zhu Xijie, a professor of traditional Chinese medicine at Ningxia Medical University, pointed out in the Health Times newspaper on October 25, 2015 that it is the simplest and most effective choice for preventing and treating gastrointestinal diseases. Especially the "old stomach disease", the stomach can also improve gastric motility and immune function. Generally, it is better to choose at night, basically do not eat, reduce gastrointestinal pressure.

Gastrointestinal massage is very simple, the two hands are stacked on the upper abdomen, with the sternum stem under the xiphoid as the center, in a smooth, counterclockwise direction to try each 30 to 50 times. Then try to try around 30 to 50 times around the navel (the god's acupoint). It must be gentle when massaged, the strength should be moderate, from light to heavy, it is appropriate to feel the abdomen fever.

Of course,

Protect your stomach,

In addition to these small methods,

The most important thing is

Stay away from the bad habits that hurt your stomach!

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